ESSAY TOPIC. THE THIRD WAY AND IT??™S AFFECT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL POLICY.
In this essay I will state and explain the various definitions of The Third Way and it??™s affect on society. This will include various interpretations of the term Third Way from varying schools of thought. I will then concentrate on and expand on the Third Way approach adopted by British Prime Minister Tony Blair. This essay will mainly consist of three main topics and will end with my conclusion/summary. The tree areas will consist of ( 1.Introduction ansd interprations of the Third Way ,2 an explanation of social policy and its affect on society including for example ,feminism domestic violence and teen & child abuse., throughout this essay I will will express my, opinions and comments on issues raised on this subject as well as give a brief outline of the Conservative and Liberal parties political beliefs. The three Exzmples that follow have the same theme running throughout therir interpration and that is ( IN between or a combination of). However, Hales.S disagrees entirely with the common interpration and argues vehnemently against popular belief by stating from the book The Third Way and beyond, p9 that the term Third Way needs more vigorous definition before firm conclusions can be drawn about it??™s compatability with contemporary Europe
The subsequent paragraphs will address particular social issues that I feel very strongly about as I have worked with certain vunerable groups within this society and have witnessed first hand the damage and devestaion that has been caused by certain individuals as a result of the common consensceous/ dominant discourse that is so prevelant within this society and the (so called civilized world) as we know it. I will give a brief historical outline of the origins of social policy, and I will also address the widening gap between rich and poor, feminism, domestic violence, teenage and child abuse.
I will close my essay with a summary and a conclusion as well as suggestions to remedy or decrease the affects of the damaging issues
I will begin by demonstrating three interprations of the Third Way Two examples were drawn from the website below and the 3rd example is taken from Alcock P. interpration from his book Social Policy.I will focus on and expand on this interpretation in the last paragraph on this subject..
Website, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Third-Way, accessed on 17/11/05 gave 9 definitions. This next paragraph will address two of them;
???Benito Mussolini often described facism as the Third Way between Capitalism and socialism. In that vein, there is a modern neo-fascist movement known as the International Third Position or Third Positionists. There is also a related form of anarchism known as National anarchism???
???The Third Way is also used to describe Jesus??™ way of dealing with conflict. Instead of fight or flight, Wink W writes, about this third alternative, Righteouness, which levels the playing field between aggressor and victim, creditor and debtor, etc???.
In this third and final example of the Third Way I will focus on and explain Labour governments??™ interpretation and adaptation of the Third Way into British society. Tony Blair was very heavily influenced by Ex American President Bill Clintons??™ Third Way political views whose philosophy was Ask not what your country can do for you, but ask what you can do for your country. Basically speaking Clinton was advocating that American citizens become more active independent. Blair then echoed those words by stating the British people ???work is the best route out of poverty. I would beg to differ. Introducing tax credit for example is a way to encourage people back to work as well as new deal for the over 50s yet the minimum hourly rate for an adult of working age is a measly ?5.05. Council tax charges are increasing yearly, the cost of living is steadily rising and the gap between rich and poor is for ever rising. Blair can boast about ???over 1.5 million working people are better off thanks to the national minmum wage???http://www.labour.org.uk/ourpolicies and militant in changing their immediate circumstances, community which would the n have a positive knock on affect on society on a whole.. I will also give a brief explanation of the essence of the political beliefs of theand,Conservative and Liberal parties??™ view points in order to enlighten the understanding of the reader of this essay to enable or to demonstrate my personal understanding of what the other two political parties stand for. According to the Chambers dictionary, the word conservative means to have a ???disposition and tendency to preserve what is established. Another example states, ???an opposition to change the habit of mind or conduct. The Conservatives focus on enterprise & opportunity, believe in personal freedom, choice, community, safety & stability. During Thatcherism age, She her msg emphaised on individuality and personal responsibility as oppoased to state dependency. Information accessed on21/11/05 fromhttp://www.conservatives.comtile.dodef=party.beliefs
Liberalst believe in opportunities for all, world unity, the establishment of social justice, anti poverty, power & wealth for all. Example taken from website: http:www./liberal.org.uk/general/belief.htm. accessed on 21/11/05.
. and Alcock P. describes the Third Way as, ???a political discourse built out of elements from other political disourses. For example enterprise belongs to the right while social justice belongs to the left
social policy and its origins
Social Policy concerns the welfare and well being of society on a whole. It??™s focus is around the NHS, Education, Employment & training, immigration, housing, crime. Social policy was bourne out at the turn of the nineteenth century due to of political pressure upon the leading government of the days??™ and the intervention of Philanthrapists to address the issue of poverty that was prevailent in Britaian at the turn of the centuty.where citizens lived in squalor. The government was very reluctant to intervene and the common consenceous that existed in that day was laisse faire( problems would sort themselves out) Booth and Rowntree presented their research findings on the level of poverty in London to parliament. The Beveridge report was born in 1942 and the NHs
The affects of the Third Way on the development of social policy.
There are many ares I could address as this subject is very broad. From. Social policy affects all members of society childrens??™ & youth services, the aged, disabled,lone parents, feminism various social groups. The following paragraph I will address the affect of social policy upon Feminism &,domestic violence, teen abuse the widening gap between rich and poor.
The widening gapcontrast between extremely poor.
I was very disturbed by a front page image of a fat cat dining at his table with a family of five feeble looking people behind as he tucked into his huge pie there was a thin slither missing form the pie which was supposed to suffice the poore faminily. How trua reflection of todays society. Socail policy in some ways is very biased. Although tony blair has introduced inintiatives and funding to change and equip communities, there still prevails the them and us attitude. Those at the top who make policy are often out of touch with the real people at grass roots level. Funding for projects sometimes fall into the wrong hands as I experienced when volunteering with wfisg 8yrs ago. Women and children seem to be seen as insignificant. The nature of wfisg was to support vunerable hurting people. The lack or reluctance of the govern,met to offer financial assistants was wrong.They were actually saying that sexual abuse was not important as it affected women and children laizze faire. We had to organise fundraising events to promote ourselves and beg the funders for help yealy. and article written by Freedland J in the Guardian newspaper 23/11/05 entitled The gap between the exrodinary wealth and desparate poor is growing steadily wider. The writer proceeds to mention statistic on overcrowding in council properties and the effect on children from those disadvantaged groups who are suffering from depression and axiety. All this is happening whilst or government sit fighting amongst themselves. Shelter the homeless organisation staes that this situation remains unchanged since 1997 when Tony Blair became prime minister. Poverty is a cycle. Poverty breeds poverty. Like wise depression breeds depression.
Feminism,domestic violence and teen abuse.